CAER 2017 Begins... Thursday 4th May!

CAER 2017 Begins... Thursday 4th May!
What will be uncovered this year?
We're back for our 11th season during which examination of trench IV will be continued. Our work will examine the interior of the masonry building (the possible chapel) with its drain discharging into the ditch, the western part of the ditch feature where it is overlain by the medieval building and the underlying deposits. This year trench IV will also be extended to the south in order to locate and examine a stone structure identified during the excavation of a service trench in 2013.
Keep up to date with all the discoveries, brought to you by our daily bloggers.

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Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Day 17 Friday madness, ice lollies and the pub!

Jess reports
Friday morning dawned bright and sunny yet again, and students buzzed around the site filled with the “Friday Madness”.
It's Friday!!
Team A spent the morning keeping cool in the shade of the Pavilion for their last finds session. This entailed bagging ‘small finds’ into individual bags and writing designated labels that separated them from the bulk finds. Once this was done, we continued to wash some finds, there’s something weirdly satisfying about cleaning animal teeth with a toothbrush!
The afternoon was then spent back in the trench and Team A were set to take down the surface surrounding a pit with mattocks. Despite the heat of the sun, we powered through and removed bucket after bucket of the baked clay surface. With only one or two injuries, the banter stayed high and the Friday madness continued.
Complex intercutting features under excavation...
A highlight of the afternoon, however, was the delivery of ice lollies from Amy, they made the work a lot easier! The end of the afternoon was rounded off nicely with a site talk from supervisor Dan as he explained all the features in both trenches!
Well-deserved ice lollies for afternoon refreshment!

Dan gives a re-cap of the week's findings.

At the end of a superbly hot week, we hurried down to the riverside to spend a well-earned few hours in the pub. With only two days left on site, it’ll be a shame to see the excavation come to an end, but here’s to a cracking couple of days next week and maybe more time at the pub!  

Friday, 26 May 2017

Some highlights from this year's finds...join us for our Open afternoon, Tuesday 30th May from 1.30pm to hear more...

This carved stone, probably an architectural fragment of Norman date, has just started to be uncovered in our new trench where it has been re-used in a later feature...

A Jetton: a French late medieval counter
A Jetton

 A beer bottle with a witch logo

A fragment of a beer bottle...
A fragment of ‘Facon de Venise’ wine glass, from the late C16th/early C17th
Fancy decorated glass

Day 15 and 16 have been scorchers but we're still working hard…we host some visitors and the surface of the Roman road is reached...
Today brought more sun and more finds, group E spent the morning doing our last finds session where we completed our interpretations of the contexts and bagged them up with small finds labels. We then began to select pieces to reference for our end of dig portfolio. After lunch we moved back to site to continue work on establishing the boundaries of the Roman road, where we found some more building material, pottery and animal bone.

A 'small find', a piece of stamped clay pipe stem.


Day 16 of the dig was certainly the hottest so far! Steph and Victoria cleared back the sandstone covering more of the Roman road, with tough mattocking as the ground was baked hard. After some much needed ice lollies and shade more of the Roman road was revealed. Which consisted of sandstone rocks and pebbles. Finds from this context included Roman glass, Samian pottery, bone and lead. We were visited by some school children who showed a keen interest in the excavation and one even said that he wanted to be an archaeologist. Sunblock at the ready it looks like another hot day tomorrow!

A working shot as hard work brings us to the Roman road surface at last!

Despite the sweltering conditions, we managed to get through a lot of material today! I spent most of my time excavating and drawing a small sandy pit, which contained a large amount of bones and nails. A residual piece of Roman pottery was also unearthed: quite different from our normal civil-war-era finds. As the temperatures climbed, the trench had some extra visitors: a group of primary school children. Matt showed off one of Trench 8's most complete finds: a piece of pig jaw, with tusk and teeth still attached. In the other trench, the team uncovered a 1734 copper coin (the year Rob Roy died).

Wednesday, 24 May 2017

Day 14 and things are hotting up on site…

Today's main site lesson was the use of sun-cream! It was a very hot day on site making all the soil types incredibly dry and hard to excavate through. This didn’t stop our group though as we started to excavate down over the rest of the previously revealed Roman road so we could begin to see its full extent and hopefully find evidence of a road-side structure or building! Finds included numerous pieces of animal bone and pottery ranging from the medieval period and the Roman occupation as we got closer to the road’s surface. The standout find today from trench 7 was a possibly Viking or early medieval stone bead, which trench supervisor Dave was particularly fond of!

All round a very warm day of excavation but looking forward to the rest of the final full week on site.

Today we cleared some remaining rubble and fully exposed the linear brick feature in trench VIII. The team then drew corresponding site plans and documented the finds. Some of our more interesting finds consisted of pig mandibles and large assemblages of other bones including an animal humerus. The excavation team continues to rack up more metal finds such as nails and many different pottery sherds, as well as various ceramic building material. A majority of the team were able to identify the finds acquired over the last few weeks and sort each type of find ready for further analysis. For now we move on to the next area of the trench with mattock in hand to search for more corresponding features of trench VIII.

One end of the mysterious brick feature...a drain or not?!
The mysterious brick feature is still causing intrigue. We've cleaned and photographed it but still no idea what it is. It has yielded lots of pig and boar jaw bones and tusks. Dan the dig director fancied it as a gun emplacement but it might just be a plain old drain. So his enthusiasm for uncovering more has dampened and it will be left to next year’s students to discover what it really is. Time Team was never like this!  Amy brought cakes again - thank you Amy, we need the sugar rush now!  Just five more days, including our public day (Tues 30th!) when we are hoping for lots of visitors. 
Jaw bone.

Tuesday, 23 May 2017

Day 13 brings animal magic and marks the start of our last full week of digging…

The last week begins! A morning clearing up the newly exposed brick feature in trench 8 with large numbers of animal bones being recovered and saved from the mattock blade. Quite the coincidence as group D spent the afternoon exploring the complexities of animal bone identification.

Learning to identify animal bones
Tricky but intriguing work, followed by some photographic recording of both the brick and sandstone features appearing in the east end of the trench. The mysterious brick feature will hopefully reveal its purpose as the week goes on...

The cleaned up brick-feature ready for photographing and planning...hopefully excavation will reveal more about its function (Where's the scale though guys? (Ed.))
Hard at work removing the deposits...

A copper alloy token.

Victoria B…

The start of the final full week brought the promise of sun. Team A started the day off by cleaning up a section ready for recording. After morning tea break, several groups went to the pavilion to learn about animal bone and how to identify the major bones within a mammal and some differences between species.
In the afternoon, recording of the newly exposed contexts began in trench IV. This involved setting up a horizontal string line to measure down from, in order to accurately record the deposits visible in section.
Setting up ready to record the section through the deposits.
The beginning of our last full week turned out to be a very full and interesting day, as my group started the day we began by sorting out the archaeological finds that we have each personally cleaned, labelled and marked to then be further recorded. In the afternoon we then had a zooarchaeology session which was very interesting and personally the highlight of my day. During the session we were taught how to identify pieces of bone that we had excavated and record, and the basic bone structure of animals which I found really interesting and how to identify the bones. Then the rest of the day was spent cleaning an area to reveal more of the roman road which was discovered the previous week. Overall the day was interesting and fun and I hope this is a continuing theme through out the week which I have a feeling it will be.

Sunday, 21 May 2017

Day 12 Finds and features for a feel good Friday! Matt, Abbi and Amelia report…

Friday morning saw Neil and I mattocking away at the densest part of the demolition layer in Trench VIII, with detectorist Colin nimbly avoiding the swinging blades to check newly exposed layers for metal finds. The quantities of roof slate, mortar and brick made for hard-going and comparatively few finds other than animal bone and the odd rusted nail. Even our ever-present friends the clay pipes seem to have deserted us; maybe an indication that we’re reaching 16th century layers that pre-date widespread tobacco smoking. One new find was the discovery of three striped escargot snail shells, close to a cluster of oyster shells. Classed as neither fish nor meat, snails made the ideal snack food for Lent, though they might be eaten year-round by the poorer members of society.
Group B’s afternoon was spent classifying and marking the finds we’d previously cleaned. Splitting them first by material type (ceramic, metal, glass, bone, pipe-clay) and then each material by period (Roman, medieval, post-medieval, modern) we soon had the artefacts sorted into piles. Identifying labels were written for each pile, and then a summary of all the finds was entered into a recording sheet.
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Washing and marking-up the finds
Lastly I spoke with Dan the site director regarding a 3D model of Trench VIII that I’d made from photos taken on the previous Friday; he’s happy with the model and interested in capturing Trench IV the same way as soon as its ready to be recorded. The complex multi-layered surface should make for an interesting challenge. You can see the model of Trench VIII here.

What a day! Great morning for team A of labelling finds from a post medieval context today, with a few residual pieces of pottery and ceramic from the medieval and Roman periods in my tray!
The afternoon started with a chill but soon warmed up as Team A set to work covering at least three features across the site, A possible floor is found, is it medieval? Most likely. Do we know what it is? Not just yet. But soon an interpretation can be matched to it next week! The charcoal deposits and sandstones in the clay like soil was difficult to remove as Jess and I, with the handy help of Dave the supervisor, revealed bit by bit the solid sandstone flooring of a possible medieval building, the first sign of an occupational context for Team A yet!
A stone floor is revealed???
Keep alert for following posts from Team A, and have a fantastic weekend :) 

Team A spent the morning doing another finds session, this time labelling the separate types of finds, identifying what they could be, then followed by another go at finds washing.
The afternoon saw the group in three sets of two this meant that Sophie and I were back working on our pit, now named George. Thankfully the weather was warmer and a lot drier than previous days,  which made recording the pit a lot easier. After drawing the second half of the pit it was time to take levels using the dumpy level and fill out the context sheet. Once this was done it was time to start excavating another pit that ours cut through. It’s going to be exciting to see what this shows us!!
Now everyone can have a relaxing weekend and will be refreshed for more digging on Monday.
Continuing excavation of the earlier pit or this space
Day 11 Rain's about? All-in-One’s out! Jess and Sophie tell us how archaeologist’s cope with the British weather…

For today’s archaeologists, it was a typical British Summer’s day; we all rocked up to site keeping cool with sleeveless tops and cold coffees and by twelve o’clock the world decided to rain on our parade, literally.
Team A kicked the day off by splitting into two smaller teams, and whilst Sophie and Amelia discovered the secrets that lay within a pit, the rest of us spent time plotting and planning the charcoal and sandstone deposits within the trench. Using specialised equipment such as a dumpy level, and measuring pole, the site’s height above sea level was recorded and added to the drawings in order to compile a fuller understanding of the site. It was during this that the rain poured on us and Steph finally got to try her all-in-one waterproof, much to the delight of the rest of us!
The afternoon brightened up and we all complained, once again, about the heat as Team A returned to the trench to finally get our hands dirty and begin taking down the now recorded surface, revealing the extent of the features below. Hopefully some details of these will become apparent in the next few days!
All in all (or All-in-One!) the day was yet another positive day on site for us, we didn’t let the rain dampen our spirits!

It's cool to be dry...

After a week of miserable weather we were all pleasantly surprised to be greeted on site by warmth and sunshine, excited to finally dig out the pit we had discovered at the end of last week. This was short lived. As the heavens opened we watched our lovely pit slowly turn into a pond and the site swiftly became a mud bath. Still, we continued to trowel away at what can only be described as glue to expose the natural clay and another cut within the feature, as well as a third charcoal layer next to it. Our afternoon consisted of "cleaning" up the pit ready for recording and trying to decide what it is. With a couple of theories flying around about it being a gully or a cesspit etc. it's fair to say we are all keen to get back to work tomorrow to see what else we can find out about this pit and finally find some treasure buried within, instead of sandstone, sandstone and more sandstone.
A beautifully 'clean' pit cut into the clay, clearly showing another cut feature in one side
Day 10 Ben and Steph report on a damp but productive day…

Wednesday was another damp day, but the weather didn't stop us unearthing some great finds! Matt and I found keys (still no locks though), but the star find of today has to be the four dice dug out of the building's hearth (evidently a poor roll). They were probably used for a game like Hazard, but I'm holding out for Dungeons and Dragons.

Four bone dice

A key!
It was a chilly day on site for day 10 of the dig, with a bit of rain, but still plenty of work was going on. Team A spent the morning planning and drawing sections on site to record the Roman features we have discovered. In the afternoon we were finds processing, practicing marking finds with the site code and context number, ready for specialists to look at. The finds being washed and marked included clay pipe, pottery, roof and floor tile and building material. Other groups also planned parts of the site and continued to excavate. Hopefully the sun will come out tomorrow!

Tuesday, 16 May 2017

Day 9 on the training dig and Megan comes face to face with a lion!

The rain this morning made working in the uneven, old trench difficult, so half of Team C moved over in to this year's new trench where they had reached a 17th century context. Our day was centred around starting to work through the demolition layer, removing lots of bricks, slate tiling and mortar. In the section of the trench we were working in was a series of sandstone blocks which appear to be aligned into some kind of linear feature, so we left these in place for now. In terms of artefacts, our finds tray was almost overflowing by five o'clock, with a real mix of items including a small copper alloy token, some medieval window glass, multiple animal bones, and these fragments of 17th Century bellarmine vessel.
A bulging find's tray for Megan's team

Sherds from a 17th century Bellarmine vessel, a type of decorated stoneware

Four stones in a line = a wall?
 The most aesthetic object I found today has to be this glass object decorated with lion's faces. According to our finds expert, it would have been part of the stem from a fancy, relatively high status wine glass from the 17th century. Its hollow because it would have been produced by blowing the molten glass into a mould.

Lion faces decorate the stem of this wine glass. Cheers!


Day 2 of the third week and the rain almost beat us. Groups D and F went off with Julie for a small finds session and spent the morning carefully marking and sorting their finds, including marking on bone, metal and glass. This took a great deal of concentration and dexterity and proved very inkteresting! (pun intended). The other groups were hard at work despite the weather with Jamie finding a fantastic iron key. Other finds today include an intricate glass object along with many Medieval and Civil war finds. Tomorrow brings the start of a new stratigraphic layer!
Jamie finds the key to...?

Monday, 15 May 2017

Day 8 metalling and metal detectors…Jack and Pauline report on the start of a new week and uncovering a new section of Roman road...

It's the start of a new week and after a successful week last week our team was ready to continue with the further excavation of trench 7. This meant the continued excavation and clean-up of the newly revealed Roman road found only on Friday by our team! It was really exciting to be able to uncover a feature that hadn’t been seen since the time it was last used during the Roman occupation of Britain. The road has also already produced some amazing finds including decorated pieces of Samian ware and a copper-alloy coin! The coin will hopefully be in good enough condition to be able to roughly date the road by the figure on the coin. Hopefully with further excavation more of the road and its size will be found and allow interpretation of its usage. Let's just hope the rain doesn't hinder us in finding any more exciting finds!

Today Colin the metal-detectorist came to work with us. He is a good metal-detectorist who works with the archaeologists and understands their processes, is aware of the Portable Antiquities Scheme, and would never detect on land without permission. The public that came to see us today were watching him working, and, as it should be, we highlighted to them what makes a good detectorist, versus a 'nighthawk' (or 'thief' as someone succinctly renamed them). We also try to explain how we work responsibly, that no find is ignored, all of the site is planned and photographed, and how we are careful to restore the site after we've finished.
Colin helps identify any metal artefacts ready for excavation or track down any that may have been missed in our spoil
On a lighter note Colin found lots more lead shot for us, a lovely Medieval buckle, and a small section of lead window with the glass adjacent, amongst other objects. Thank you Colin!
Lead from a leadlight window?
Day 7 of our training dig and the end of the first full week…Victoria and Neil describe their day…

Victoria B…
The end of the first week has rolled around quickly. Team A entered the trench this morning with a positive attitude ready to excavate the possible pit that was exposed yesterday. The going was tough but after getting through an inch or so of baked soil, it became much easier to remove. Throughout the day more of the pit was exposed and the later culvert and land drain removed. This pit has so far revealed several pieces of black burnished ware including a handle. Friday has been an eventful day and fun even with the turn of the weather.
Team A looking inquisitivly at the pit at the start of the day!

Our day in Grosvenor Park started under grey skies and a light drizzle was falling as we entered the Chester University Experiential Learning Archaeological site. The site has  produced finds relating to Cromwell and the English Civil War, from medieval Chester and back as far as the Roman period, all in just over a week!
The archaeological level we’re currently working on is producing some interesting finds, such as a bone-handled knife and a metal spike. Before we can excavate this layer, the trench had to be cleaned back (a process of removing debris from the current surface), planned (a hand drawn plan of the level, including any interesting finds, the surface content, bricks, slates, bone and features, such as the Victorian drainage ditches) and photographed, concentrating on specific areas of interest, such as the bone-handled knife. These tasks were completed by our group in plenty of time for the specific finds to be lifted from the surface, recorded and taken safely for processing and analysis. 
Ben, Amy and Matt planning the trench...
The bone-handled knife carefully excavated and ready for lifting.

This brought us to the end of our first full week - a week of finds, sun and a couple of beers, as the group we have known for 18 months got to know each other better. Here's to week 3...
To end the week, Dan (site director) gave a round-up of the week's findings and thanked all the students for their hard work this week - a well-deserved rest for all this weekend [Ed.].

Friday, 12 May 2017

Day 6: Everyone knows archaeologists dig, but did you know we also clean? Matt, Peter, Abbi and Amelia report on another cracking day on site and the latest finds from the Roman period to the Civil War…

Day six of the dig has been very much about cleaning; cleaning finds and cleaning trenches. Group B spent the morning sat at washing bowls full of water with toothbrushes in our hands, carefully scrubbing centuries of mud from artefacts recovered during the first week. Making sure to leave fragile late medieval glass and a corroded iron horseshoe to one side, we worked our way through sacks of finds, taking care to keep track of labels telling us which trench and layer items have come from. Decorative patterns appeared from under mud on tobacco pipes, and pottery glazes from custard yellows to acid greens brightened the finds trays. 
Carefully cleaning our finds...
The afternoon saw Neil and I back working on the narrow 19th century land drain trench that we’d spent the previous day excavating, this time cleaning out the last of the soil with a brush and narrow shovel for a dustpan. Then it was time to start cleaning the whole area we’ve been excavating, ready for it to be photographed and a plan drawing made of our progress. But there was still time for a last-minute cluster of intriguing finds; a bone-handled knife, an iron spike, more musket balls and a pig’s tooth; all surrounded by animal bone deposits and less than a yard from the spur found last week.
Cleaning back the trench
More cleaning.. but looking great and ready for photographing and drawing!

As sensible cautious archaeologists, we will have to wait and see the bigger picture before we know how these items got here. But in the meantime, my money’s on a life-and-death struggle between a Parliamentarian cavalryman and a hitherto unrecorded Royalist pig of war, armed to the teeth with muskets and knives. Our trench supervisor remains unconvinced however…

Today was brilliant and for our team meant continuing the dig into an undisturbed patch we now are almost certain is Roman. The finds from today were overwhelming compared to previous days, finding numerous sherds of Roman pottery, including Samian ware, Black Burnished ware and Mortaria. We also found numerous pieces of animal bone, including a metatarsal and some teeth. Can’t wait to continue excavating tomorrow!
Finds from Peter's team
What more could an archaeologist ask for, but more sun, sun, sun? We were delivered this beautiful weather today on day 6 of the exciting archaeological dig in Grosvenor Park.
Team A have been working on a recently discovered feature, possibly a boundary ditch or drainage ditch that faces North-East and extends right the way under the medieval building, which is suspected to be St. Anne’s Chapel. This morning’s archaeological finds have been interesting, a piece of Roman Tegulae (roof tile) has been found in the fill of the ditch that we have been excavating along with sherds of Samian pottery. The finds from this fill show promise as to what is to come, however they were difficult to attain due to the soil being hard and clay like, with many flecks of black charcoal and bright orange sandstone.  Overall a cracking good morning for team A and an even better afternoon as team-mate Amelia reports on the rest of the exciting day.

A piece of Roman roof tile (tegulae) from the fill of the ditch

Following on from Abbi, the afternoon was as sunny and hot as the morning. For Team A the afternoon involved scraping the bottom of the pit to reach the natural layer of yellow clay. By uncovering the clay it showed a round cut that could either be a post hole or evidence of a cistern. While uncovering this there were multiple finds. To Sophie’s joy we managed to find two pieces of Samian ware, both with decoration, we also found some animal teeth and bone, altogether a good day for finds for Team A finding more and more as we kept digging. During the afternoon it was Team A’s turn at public archaeology. There was a variety of people to meet. The majority of the public were interested to learn about what had been found and what we hoped to find and what we thought things were and we got the chance to show them some of the finds, some even had their own anecdotes about digs they themselves had been part of, one lady being involved in heritage in Llandudno. However, one particular member of the public voiced his concern about the way the dig could negatively affect the park. Fingers crossed for another good day tomorrow and we hope for more sunshine.
Part of a circular cut feature visible in plan

Jess, Sophie and Victoria report on a scorching day 5 full of levelling and finds washing…
Today’s day on site started with murmurings of “Have you seen how hot it’s going to be?!” and “Do you have any suncream?” as we all anticipated another scorching day in the sun; we soon settled though and got stuck in for another day in Grosvenor Park.
Team A revisited yesterday’s fresh section and cleaned the area to reveal a clay-like surface which we were itching to dig into and discover what lies beneath. The other groups persevered through the increasing heat and barrow after barrow was delivered to the spoil mountain. The rest of the morning was spent in the shade for team A, which was a little light relief, as we topped up our level (and maths!) reading skills. Using the base level just outside of the park, the readings were taken to note the height of the freshly cut trench. The remainder of the day was spent cleaning finds, but I’ll let Sophie talk to you about that excitement! Overall another fab day on site, I can’t wait to carry on!

Using the dumpy level to record relative levels (height above sea level) across the site
Another glorious day greeted us in Grosvenor Park for day 5 of our dig. Following our morning of level readings it was team A's turn to clean some of our dirt ridden finds. Abbi was our queen of intricately designed clay pipes with patterns ranging from a Diamond to a Phoenix (but have been described by most as the Liver birds).

Intricate designs on clay pipes revealed by washing
However, the best part of the day by far for me was when I cleaned away the dirt on a rather small find, to discover a piece of Samian ware pottery beneath. FINALLY, after days of searching through endless buckets of mud in the scorching heat, I had managed to get my hands on some Samian ware. It may be tiny but the best things come in small packages.

Here's to day 6 and some more exciting finds.

Sophie's fragment of Samian ware
Today brought another full day of sun to Grosvenor Park. The morning was spent clearing the loose soil to reveal more of the brick and plaster demolition layer. Finds today included lead musket shots, animal bone, pottery and once again a lot of clay pipe! Most of the afternoon involved finding and digging down to find a drainage ditch laid down in the Victorian period. We were also able to have a go at practising level reading before getting right back into trowelling. All in all a very steady and productive day, looking forward to seeing what comes up tomorrow.

The finds keep coming!

Tuesday, 9 May 2017

Day 4 brought evidence for horses, board games and an apostle… find out more about this intriguing combination from Ben, Steph and Max…

Today was a bit cooler than the other days have been but we didn't let that stop us. The central part of the trench was cleared of rubble and detritus, revealing the plaster and brick beneath. As always, clay pipe fragments were everywhere but more unusual artefacts were also uncovered. Jamie found a horse shoe (perhaps related to the copper alloy spur?), and me and Pauline both found gaming counters. Matt found a spectacular purple-patterned piece of pottery. As well as these leisure items, I uncovered more martial artefacts: another musket ball, small and ceramic so likely used in canister shot, and a lead lid from an 'apostle', a gunpowder container worn on a bandolier.

A gaming counter

A ceramic musket ball

The lead cap of a powder measure (also known as an apostle since there were twelve on each bandolier).

Day four of the dig was another lucky day of sunshine and ice creams, the public showed a keen interest in what we were doing and many of us were on hand to show them the finds from the excavation so far. Team A spent the afternoon taking the trench section back further to reveal the white rubble layer that can be seen in the stratigraphy of the trench. We discovered plenty of interesting finds including animal teeth, bone, medieval pottery and of course more clay pipe! The shovelling of soil and wheelbarrow runs will have our backs aching tomorrow but as always another enjoyable day of excavation. Other groups started levelling the site and clearing up features such as the possible hearth and medieval wall, while others were learning about the importance of public engagement. Fingers crossed for more sun and finds tomorrow!

Team A's finds tray

Today we finished clearing the trench from 2016 of spoil and finding small finds such as nails, animal bone (pig teeth and a piece of sheep scapula) and even more 16th-18th century clay pipe. Another group extended the northern section of the trench and cleaned up the stratigraphy and we have evidence to suggest we are nearing the Roman period as indicated by hob nails and black burnished ware. We now wait for tomorrow morning to get into the real meat (or new contexts) of the excavation and see what awaits us beneath the tightly packed earth!

Max and co's finds from Day 4
The backfill all removed we now wait to see what this year's discoveries will be!